Both men and women suffer from hair loss. Some start to complain of decreasing density of hair, while others worry that their hair parting is showing through increasingly, hair line is receding or there is a bald patch.
It is important to realize the real reason of your hair fall to be able to treat it in the right manner. Depending on how serious the damage is, an appropriate solution can be found. Here are some common reasons for hair loss.
Hereditary thinning or baldness (also called androgenetic alopecia)
This is the most common cause of hair loss. The difference between men and women are that when men have hereditary hair loss, they often get a receding hairline. Many men see bald patches, especially on the top of the head. Women, on the other hand, tend to keep their hairline. They see noticeably thinning hair. The first sign of hair loss for many women is a widening part. In rare cases, men see noticeably thinning hair.
Underlying medical condition
Hair loss can be the first sign of a disease. About 30 diseases, including thyroid disease and anemia, cause hair loss. By treating the disease, hair loss often can be stopped or reversed. Significant hair loss can occur after an illness. A major surgery, high fever, severe infection, or even the flu can cause hair loss.
Hormones and stress
After giving birth, some women have noticeable hair loss, caused by falling estrogen levels. The hair loss is temporary. In a few months, women see their hair re-grow. Hair loss is common during menopause. This loss is often temporary as well. Hair re-grows with time. Experiencing a traumatic event (e.g., death of a loved one or divorce), causes stress and thus can lead to hair loss.
Dieting and poor nutrition
Some people see hair loss after losing more than 15 pounds. The hair loss often appears 3 to 6 months after losing weight. Too much vitamin A can cause hair loss. People can get too much of this vitamin through vitamin supplements or medicines. When the body does not get enough protein, it rations the protein it does get. One way the body rations protein is to shut down hair growth. About 2 to 3 months after a person does not eat enough protein, you can see the hair loss. Not getting enough iron can lead to hair loss too.
Some prescription medicines can cause hair loss. Such medicines include:
- Blood thinners
- High dose Vitamin A
- Medicines that treat arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, and high blood pressure
- Birth control pills
- Anabolic steroids (steroids taken to build muscle and improve athletic performance)
Years of wearing hair in a style that pulls on the hair such as a ponytail, cornrows, or braids can cause a type of hairloss known as traction alopecia. The following can often cause the hair to break as well:
- Too much shampooing, combing, or brushing (100 strokes or more a day).
- Rubbing wet hair dry with a towel.
- Brushing or combing wet hair
For many people, hair is more elastic when wet. This means it breaks off more easily than dry hair. When hair breakage occurs, the hair appears shaggy or too thin.
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